The current room temperature of the landlord's home is already around 20 degrees. It has reached the temperature of germination and can start to grow herbs. The landlord started to grow herbs last year, certainly not a master, but after a year of accumulation practice, it is a little bit of experience to be careful, please correct the wrong place. Last year, basil, mint, sage, rosemary, thyme, cumin were grown. Most herbs like the Mediterranean climate. Last year's magic was cool, but the landlord's grasses were left with basil and fans after the summer. Rosemary, rosemary is a perennial plant, germination rate and growth rate are very low, and basil is an annual plant, growing rapidly, and native to tropical Asia, so China's fiery summer is quite sustainable. To ask which kind of vanilla is most suitable for novice planting, I definitely choose basil, which is also suitable for a wide range of applications, whether it is eating or making a shape. So this post is mainly for Basil, and it will also share some common planting techniques. Kang Muang~ Follow my left hand and right hand in a slow motion~~~~
Catalog preparation work—————Steps 2~4 kinds of sowing methods——————Steps 4~25扦 Inserting method——————Steps 26~28 Growth and long-term conservation principles——Step 29 Flowering conservation principles-- ---Steps 30~33
First of all, talking about the choice of flower pots, Basil is very crazy in summer, so use large and deep flower pots, holes at the bottom, and vanilla are afraid of accumulation. A flower pot with a diameter of about 18cm can only grow one! Can only grow one! Can only grow one! (Last year, the landlord planted 4 trees in such a pot. The nutrition couldn't keep up with the water and couldn't keep up. It was going crazy! In the other pot, only one plant was planted, and it grew very well! Let's look at the picture above. There is only one inside!) After being turned into a grove, it is easy to be blown by the wind. If the balcony is planted, be sure to take safety measures! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Of course, if you have a garden in your home, the best thing is the so-called grounding!
To prepare the soil, Basil likes some fertile soil, and goes to the flower and bird market to buy some nutritious soil and mountain mud. The proportion is not too deliberately half and half is almost enough. The home can also be mixed with the soil, and some chicken manure or granules can be mixed. Fat, get in the bathroom or outside, otherwise you will be crazy. . . . Mix and mix well, fill the pot with 7 minutes, and the large mesh of the bottom hole, compact, not too tight or too loose. Watered with boiling water, in order to kill the eggs inside, exposed to the sun for 2-3 days, dried. The seeds are made with smaller pots, and the large pots are kept for colonization. Tips1: Is it a single use for mixed soil? Nutrient soil is a new soil mixed with good fertilizer. It is reasonable to say that the merchant will incorporate a lot of cotton and the like in order to save costs. The landlord used to grow the whole nutritious soil last year. It was too loose and too loose, and the plants could not grasp the roots. The mud is the most common mud, and it is too sticky. If you use all the mud, there is a problem with the water. The soil has been planted to consume a lot of nutrients, which is also unfavorable for growth. This is why perennial plants are turned over every spring. In fact, the main action is to mix some new soil, followed by a larger flower pot. Tips2: It is not recommended to buy dirt online, expensive! The landlord went to buy 10 tons of nutrient soil and mountain mud last week, a total of 10 dollars, the boss also sent some chicken manure, and helped me mix. Tips3: The more fertilizers, the better. Excessive fertilizers will burn roots or insects. Organic fertilizer is not recommended for home planting, because it is very stinky and can attract insects. In the past, the old man at home would put the milk water directly into the roots. In fact, this is wrong. The organic fertilizer must be fermented, and the fermentation process will burn roots. Last year, the landlord tried Taomi Shui. According to the Internet, this is the smallest smell. After a month of fermentation, when the bottle was opened, it was like a champagne. It almost squirted out. The taste was almost ok, and the ditch was served decisively. Tips4: Everyone should have some large and small pots, some small pots are suitable for germination, and large ones are used for final planting. What kind of material is germinated? The plastic is lighter and smaller, but it can't be used for final planting. It is too light and airtight. The flower pots that are finally planted are preferably clay, ceramics are also good, breathable, and the weight is also relatively safe.
Friends who raise more meat are sure to be familiar with these media, but they can also mix them into the soil and add some minerals. Introduce some commonly used, can be bought online, mix a little bit on the line, a small package can be used for a long time: grass ash: not fully burned rice husk, etc., potash, alkaline, generally planted ornamental flowers used more. Phytolith: Common medium for orchids, good drainage and permeability, anti-spasm. Red jade soil: weakly acidic, volcanic ash piled up, succulent plants are commonly used. Vermiculite: commonly used nutrient medium, good water retention, can be used as a cover for seed germination. Medical stone: contains a variety of trace elements to stabilize and improve soil function. This is the case in the drinking water filter. Ceramsite: large particles, generally used as a bottoming, water-proof and anti-sputum.
Plants are mainly planted, cut, pressed, etc. Basil is an annual plant, and it has to be hung up when time is up. . . Therefore, the seeding method is mainly used, and the cutting will be mentioned later. First, do paper germination, this action is mainly to improve the germination rate, because the landlord's seeds are not many. . . . In fact, the standard practice should be to directly spread a large amount of seeds into the soil, and then pull out the long left, the remaining strong, but the director can not be sexual. . . . Take a tray and put on a paper towel or cotton pad (the cotton pad is better in water retention. If you only have a paper towel, stack more layers.) Soak the water, damp it, then put the seeds. If you have more varieties, don't forget. Make a mark, then cover a plastic wrap, do not cover it, and keep the humidity. Leave it for 6-12 hours, do not put it in the sun. When the basil seeds are in contact with water, a coating is formed on the surface, like Ming Liezi.
After the paper towel has been germinated, it can be planted into the soil. First, the flower pot is poured once. After the water has been infiltrated, the seeds are carefully picked up by the tweezers and scattered on the soil, and then the surface is covered with a thin layer of soil. Covering soil is also possible, but it must not exceed 5mm!!!), do not press, otherwise it will affect the germination. Use a watering can to wet the surface and attach the plastic wrap. Then wait, 7-15 days of germination, observe the humidity of the soil during the period, spray it when it is dry. Tips: Basil can skip the germination of paper towels and sown directly. When the temperature reaches 20 degrees and the humidity is 100%, it can germinate. The germination of paper towels is only to increase the germination rate. If the seeds are sufficient, they can be directly planted.
Waiting for germination...
The tenth day began to sprout.
It is best to continue to cover the plastic wrap within three days after germination. Because the seed quality is different, it will be a little time lag. After three days, the plastic wrap is removed, and no matter how many pieces are sent outside, it is acceptable to receive sunshine as early as possible. The seedlings at this stage are very good, because the root system is still very fragile, the true leaves are not out, the probability of collapse is very high, the watering should be “small and diligent”, and the water and water will die. When you see the surface dry and spray water with a watering can, it is enough to wet the surface, 2-4 times a day, depending on the light and humidity. Tips1: The initial spring is still unstable. If you encounter bad weather such as low temperature, strong wind, heavy rain, etc., you should take it indoors. If the temperature is lower than 15 degrees in the evening, you should also take it in. Tips2: Use fresh tap water for watering, do not use old water or pure water. Tips3: Watering should not be poured on the seedlings. It is recommended to use a watering can at this stage, which is more uniform than the pressing pot, but pay attention to the strength.
Last week, the devils were cold in the spring, and the maximum temperature was less than 10 degrees for several consecutive days, plus rain. Although the seedlings were collected in a closed balcony, the temperature was still too low. . . Sweet basil has fallen three, and some are alive. The reason for the lodging is to analyze the cause and avoid large-scale death. The reason for this time is that the temperature is too low. Others are too much or insufficient watering, too strong or insufficient sunshine, and the quality of the seed itself is not good, the survival of the fittest need not be too concerned, and eventually only one is enough! Tips: The water-deficient leaves will wrinkle, and the water will ruin. The former has hope, the latter is not saved. It is said that novices love watering, and they are always worried that plants are thirsty, so the number one cause of death is too much watering. . . .
The situation of Miao Miao is not very good. From the perspective of insurance, there is another wave of seeds. (This year, I planted it a month earlier than last year. It seems that I can’t be too anxious, and the temperature is not enough.) It is recommended that the novices be divided into three wholesales, 6-8 each time, one week apart. After two weeks, there will be three waves of seedlings sprouting one after another. As I am now re-issued, I have to wait another two weeks. . . . .
The first batch of Miao Miao really could not be stretched. It is said that there is still a cold spring in this week. Well, I don’t know if the second batch of Miao Miao can bud well, obviously more than 20 degrees ago! As a landlord, I am so embarrassed, manually capitalize and boldly poke the nostrils! The landlord only has these seeds left, and can only be planted with a method that is more petty and more tricky. Envious friends with sufficient stocks can be arbitrarily spread. This time, I sent it to the soil on the cotton sheet and planted it into the soil. About four days, I saw a few of the pictures in the middle, and there were white small buds coming out. In fact, this is the root. See step 5 for the specific method. Ps: See if there is a seed in the lower right corner without a capsule, you can throw it away and it won't germinate.
Asi is up to 11 degrees today. Although there is a sun, there is also a strong wind. You can only put a shelf by the window and refract the light. . . Silent tips: Even if it is separated by a layer of transparent glass, it will filter out some of the light waves, so the plant is best to receive ultraviolet light in the open air, unless the plant is not happy with the sun, such as green radish.
Recently, the weather is sunny and finally a little spring! The landlord is really anxious, I can't catch up with your progress. There is already a small real leaf in the middle of Miaomiao, which means that the root system is well developed. The previous water management is also OK. Continue to refuel. Note that it is now necessary to adjust the watering, because before the true leaves grow, it is mainly the development of the roots. After the roots are long, if they are still 'small and diligent', they are easy to rot, so gradually increase the amount of water and reduce the number of times. It is 'gradually' oh~~ There is still a hazard in the water. It is only long and tall, and it is also stunted. Tips1: The topsoil must be the most dry. It is feasible to look at the surface to determine whether watering is not possible before the roots are deep. If you can grow the true leaves, you can't judge this. The novice can use the toothpick to poke into the soil. Thereby determining the degree of dryness and humidity. The humidity in spring is high, the temperature is moderate, and the water is poured once a day. I prefer to pour less, because the rotten roots are not saved. Tips2: The relationship between the first seedling and the true leaf is like the human deciduous and permanent teeth.
The true leaves grow out. The seedlings at this stage are not so fragile. As long as they don't touch the pests, they will not die. The way of watering continues to gradually move closer to seeing the wet. Right, I have to pray that the sparrows will not come to trouble. . . Tips1: See the wetness refers to the fact that the soil is dried and then watered, and there is water droplets pouring out to the bottom of the basin, which is called “transfusion”. Most plants are suitable for this method. However, the seedling stage is not applicable, it should gradually close! ! Tips2: The temperature has risen to 25 degrees recently. Do not water the sun. If it is very dry at this time, the flower pot should be moved into the room and watered before the temperature drops.
The growth rate is getting faster and faster, and the second pair of true leaves has sprouted. Added some granular fertilizer (inorganic...), and it was raining yesterday. Recently, the humidity is high. Although there is a sun, it is estimated that it will not be watered for two or three days. Miao Miao's friends still have to do 'Miao Miao' at this time, the landlord has only three trees in total, and they will not do it anyway. Tips: The seedlings should be timely, otherwise they will grab nutrients after entering the rapid growth period. If they are too tight, they will also block the sunlight. Basil prefers the sun. In addition, too dense is not conducive to post-planting, the roots will be entangled. The long seedlings must be removed. It is not the best to grow taller. In the process of growing up, it is easy to grow tall and not strong, and the professional term is called “length”. The shorter the pitch, the better, and the short and strong like Xiaoyue Yue is the best 哟~~
The third pair of true leaves, the previous two pairs have grown up a lot, have to make persistent efforts, and wait for 4-5 pairs to be fixed.
This week has changed a lot, the fourth pair of true leaves has sprouted, and the weekend should be able to colonize!
I planted it today, I can see that the roots have been entangled. I have only three trees in a small basin. It is difficult to divide. If the number of seedlings is too close, the roots are difficult to separate! Therefore, the seedlings are very important, and there is a planting as early as possible. Carefully separate them and try not to hurt the roots. Important: The diameter of the flower pot should not be less than 18cm, and only one can be planted!
Just like this, the single plant is planted in the middle, and by the way, mix some slow-release fertilizers, grass and ash. Then pour the water, put it in the shade of the north, do not direct the sun, the plants that have just transplanted the pot will be a bit awkward, this is normal, after a week, the roots are good and then put back to the south.
After a week of survival, it is necessary to top the top as soon as possible. The sooner you play, the stronger you grow! Removes the apical growth advantage, promotes collateral germination, and the roots are thicker. Draw a simple diagram, I hope you can understand, the landlord tried his best. . .
Topping is also called topping, and you can see that the original place has been turned into two. Then continue to play, each time a pair of leaves grows, 1 change 2, 2 change 4, 4 change 8, and soon you can harvest the grove. If you have more than two pots, you can do a test. Each pot has a hit, and one pot does not hit. After 2 months, compare it.
The more the vanilla is picked, the faster it is, the more it is trimmed and the harvested. I think that I can drool over three cups of chicken and green sauce.
After two consecutive toppings, it became four. The earlier you play, the lower the position, the stronger the later, the more stable the root! Although the early progress is a bit slow, but the summer is the fast growing season of Basil, so the back can fully recover or even surpass!
Eight heads after three consecutive toppings. Don't worry if you see this, come on! The above is the seeding method, basically the same, the rest is often topping, and the “see dry and wet” watering method, fertilize once a month (do not fertilize in summer). The interpolation method is described below.
The cutting method has a very high survival rate, but only if a ready-made plant is needed. First cut a long branch, about 10cm, remove the leaves below the top, find a suitable container and pour the appropriate amount of water into the water, the leaves can not get water.
Place the ventilated and bright place, do not expose to direct sunlight, the window sill is a good choice. Change the water every day and root it in a week or so.
Roots look like one week later, and then you can grow into the soil. All the leaves are buried in the soil, watered, or placed in a place where there is no direct sunlight but ventilation. The week just planted will be a bit awkward. This is normal because the living environment has changed. During this period, you can pour more water and do not wait for the soil to dry. After a week, I took it out and then changed it to a normal 'see dry and wet' watering method. The cutting method ends.
Growth period maintenance: If it is a spring seed, it will enter the rapid growth period in the summer, and summer is also a suitable growth climate for basil (25-30 degrees, warm and humid). Watering principle: See dry, wet in the morning or evening. In the summer, you must not water in the sun. If you encounter extreme heat, the leaves can't be pulled, and you can't water it right away. The correct way is to get indoors first. Water can be watered after the temperature of the bowl is lowered, otherwise it is equivalent to slow cooking. Fertilization: In principle, once a month, the fertilizer is applied once, and the liquid fertilizer and solid fertilizer can be used. The landlord does not fertilize in the summer, I don't know if this is right or wrong, because the old people said that the summer fertilization should be burned, and the summer is also very long, and the insurance will not be applied. Maintain the growth of the leaves: once the long flower buds, the leaves begin to decay, the taste will also fade, the flower will be finished, and the life cycle will end. So friends who want to eat leaves will be removed once they find the long flower buds! Breeding environment: good for recuperation, and rain on rainy days. This is the same as raising more meat. It is not easy to ventilate indoors. Windy days must pay attention to safety, it is best to enter the room~
Flowering conservation principle: The flowering season of each variety is different. The landlord has planted two varieties, basil and Italian sweet basil. The former flowered in July, and the latter will not grow until mid-September. A friend who wants to receive seeds can leave a plant to make it bloom, and one strain is enough enough. It should be noted that the leaves that have been opened can't be eaten, because the flowers consume a lot of nutrients, the leaves become hard and the flavor becomes lighter.
Lignification: This happens in the roots, not the rotten roots. On the contrary, it is the strong performance of the plant, called lignification.
The variety is different and the flowering period is different. In the picture is the nine-storey tower of the mother-in-law family. The flowering period is around August. She has been topping, so it is super dense and super strong. This flower pot is very large and deep, and there are only two cockroaches inside! When the flowers are dry, they can receive the seeds. Without waiting for the seeds to be completely collected, the first batch is naturally the best, the subsequent nutrients are getting less and less, and the quality will be worse. Seed preservation must be dry!
A new variety tried in 2017 - Aristotle, very very small leaves, but strong flavor, fast growth, strong branching, flowering around November.
After collecting the seeds, you can clear the pots. The old soil inside is useless. You can understand it by looking at the pictures. See how well the roots grow in these few months, which proves that Basil is really good! end! thank you all!